Welcome to ERA – Academy of European Law

Judicial Training in the EU





European Parliament Study on Judicial Training


The research team began by collating and analysing previous research relevant to the subject. In a second phase, it gathered empirical research using the technique of a questionnaire. There were three separate questionnaires addressed at different (though sometimes overlapping) target audiences:

  • Survey of professional judges, public prosecutors and court staff in all 27 Member States (for the purpose of this study, court staff referred to persons with legal training who are not judges but who play a role in drafting judgments, at least at a preliminary level, or in judicial cooperation);
  • Survey of judicial training actors on EU and national level (i.e. training institutions and networks, councils of judiciary, ministries of justice, courts and prosecutions with responsibilities in training, professional associations, etc.);
  • Survey of European stakeholders in judicial training (institutions, bodies and networks without direct responsibility for providing training, but important for training strategy, contents and evaluation).

In order to ensure that the analysis was as objective as possible, a representative “expert group” was formed to select examples of best practice from the empirical research.

The cooperation between ERA and EJTN ensured unparalleled expertise on judicial training, geographical and professional scope encompassing all EU Member States and all branches of the judiciary, and, by involving all the key players in judicial training, a balanced and impartial approach.


Jaroslav Opravil
Course Director - Language & Judicial Training
phone: +49 (0)651 937 37 841
fax: +49 (0)651 937 37 773
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